International Research Journal of Oncology 2020-05-23T07:16:42+00:00 International Research Journal of Oncology Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International Research Journal of Oncology</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish case reports related to all aspects of oncology.&nbsp;The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.&nbsp;</p> Heavy Metal Contamination and It’s Cancer Risk in Swampy Agricultural Soils across Karu, Nasarawa West, Nigeria 2020-05-23T07:16:42+00:00 Usman Rilwan Auta Abdullahi Abbas Shu’aib Muhammad Hassan Abdullahi Abdullahi <p>Swampy agricultural soils could be contaminated as a result of accumulation of heavy metals through emission from industrial areas, mines tailings, metal wastes, gasoline, paints, fertilizers, manure, sewage sludge, pesticide, waste water irrigation, coal combustion residue, spillage of petrochemicals and atmospheric deposition. This study aimed at evaluating the carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risk of the study area using X-Ray fluoroscopy. The results showed that, mean concentration level in the area was in decreasing order Cu(342.2) &gt; Cr(486.6) &gt; Ni(339.1) &gt; Zn(421.6) &gt;Pb(331) &gt; Cd(336.6) &gt; As(31.7). The Hazard Quotient (HQ) was all recorded to be low except ingestion adult which was higher than unity. The Hazard Index (HI) was also recorded to be 2.3 a value greater than one (&gt;&gt;1). This makes non-carcinogenic effects significant to the population and poses serious effects in the area under study. The total excess life cancer risk was found to be (5.0 x 10<sup>-2</sup>), a value greater than that of U.S (1.0x10<sup>-4</sup> to 1.0x10<sup>-6</sup>) and above that of South Africa (5.0x10<sup>-6</sup>). This implies that there is a probability that one person in 1,000 may be affected. Regular monitoring and evaluation of the soils and the crops cultivated at the sample locations is recommended.</p> 2020-05-23T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##